agroforestry practices in the philippines

The agroforestry practices of the farmers were analyzed using the farmers' diagrams and descriptions as well as ocular field observations. Proceedings of the Regional NGO/PO Roundtable discussions on Upland Development. To realize this vision, we focus on four key interacting themes: By combining more productive trees with more resilient and profitable agricultural systems and a sounder understanding of the health of the soil, land and people that is part of ‘greener’, better governed landscapes, we offer valuable and timely knowledge products and services to the global community as it tackles the major challenges of the Anthropocene. Started as the UPLB Agroforestry Program, it became an institute under the CFNR in 1998. The Integrated Social Forestry Program (ISFP) implemented in 1982 provided long-term land security through 25-year stewardship contracts to qualified forest occupants. The ISFP was primarily intended to assist farmers in developing their lands into permanent and productive agroforestry farms. Not only is he able to grow local trees as he first envisioned, but also forage crops and livestock that could be sold in the market as well. The State of the Philippine Uplands: Scanning the Development Context at the National Level. Topic 3: The contribution of plantation and agroforestry to rural livelihoods Socioeconomic and Environmental Benefits of Agroforestry Practices in a Community-based Forest Management Site in the Philippines Leonida A. Bugayong Paper Presented at The International Conference on Rural Livelihoods, Forests and Biodiversity 26 Jun 2020, By Cynthia Jean G. Batin . In Guinayangan, a village in the Philippines, an agroforestry project has diversified farmlands and enhanced climate adaptation. 2000. Results of the soil erosion and fertility analyses were subjected to t-tests to determine significant differences among the agroforestry practices. Personal communication on CPEU-CBFM project history, issues, and concerns in La Union, Philippines. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Some of these are enrichment planting, hedgerows, boundary planting, composting, contour and drainage canals, balabag, riprap and rockwalling. Lasco, R. 1992. Benefits of agroforestry. All over the world, there are traditional practices of cultivating various annual and perennial crops on the same land. History of La Union. In the Philippines, the indigenous peoples are long known for their swidden practice, which may be viewed as a form of agroforestry (PCARRD, 2006, Cabanilla, 2006).As an indigenous agroforestry, swidden system has strongly coupled ecological and social components. It typifies the theme of the World Forestry Congress where forests are the source of life for forest-dependent people who benefit from forest goods and services while rehabilitating them. 2000). The database contains information on the composition of selected tree foods and crops w, The goal of the African Orphan Crops Consortiu, This easy-to-use App shows you data on the distribution of indigenous tree species in d, World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. © 2020 World Agroforestry All rights reserved. In a number of farm forests, banana (Musa spp. ICRAF Philippines was established in 1993 and has since been active in conducting research and development projects throughout the country.We are recognized for our deep experience in farming systems' research, natural resource management and biodiversity conservation, climate-change mitigation and adaptation, and payments for environmental services. Agroforestry is practised in both tropical and temperate regions, where it produces food and fibre, contributes to food and nutritional security, sustains livelihoods, alleviates poverty, and promotes productive and resilient cropping and grassland environments. Venturing into agroforestry, or the cultivation and conservation of trees among agricultural components, is a beneficial move for Carino. Alley cropping system or commonly called Sloping Land Agricultural Technology (SALT) was introduced to the farmers in the 1980s. The farmers realized that the future economic returns from the tree crops they raise will be substantial and they can look forward to this given the rising prices of scarce wood products in the market (Ridual pers. Some farmers say that the rice terraces of the mountain farmers in the nearby Cordilleras might have influenced hilly land terracing in La Union. The terrace farms interact with fallow areas also through the short-term economic benefits from the terrace products that allow the farmers to leave the fallow areas to regain soil fertility. While the woody perennials and agricultural crops individually provide productive and protective services to the farmers, they also interact with each other as components of the agroforestry system. This paper traces the evolution in terms of interventions and plant succession patterns in the CBFM site, describes the agroforestry system and interaction of its components, and summarizes the soil fertility and erosion status of the site by agroforestry practice (farm forest, terraces, grass fallows). Agroforestry systems have some of the environmental advantages of primary forests too, storing water and carbon, for example. 1992. Agricultural crops are planted on the terraces, bunds or paddies found on level areas and along the lower to middle slopes. Ridual, R. 2000. Agroforestry is a practice that has been utilized for many years, particularly in developing countries, and is now widely promoted as a sustainable land-use approach that yields both wood products and crops. Slight changes in soil characteristics were observed in all practices before planting and after harvesting. The project has proven so successful that it has expanded to nine upland and four coastal villages. ICRAF Philippines was established in 1993. The Philippines' community-based forest management (CBFM) programme is implemented in degraded upland areas where some 18 to 20 million forest-dependent people are found. Trees in agroforestry systems, like in new forests, can recapture some of the carbon that was lost by cutting existing forests. Primarily aimed to reforest the severely degraded uplands, the FOM project provided technical assistance, seedlings, and training on nursery establishment and other forestry-related activities to the forest occupants. Grass in fallow areas also helps prevent excessive movement of soil down to the lower terraces. Only farm forests and grass fallows significantly differed in terms of average depth of erosion and mean sheet erosion. Makiling Forest Reserve. The barangay is about four kilometers away from the national highway. The protective services of trees include restoring or maintaining soil fertility through nutrient cycling; soil and water conservation; preventing excessive soil erosion; modifying microclimate and providing shade; and as live fence and wind breaks. The farm forest/tree farms (FF) along the upper slopes and terrace farms on the lower slopes may be likened to the "payoh-pinugo" (rice terraces-woodlots) system of the Bontoc people where the forests serve as watershed that supplies irrigation water to the terraces below (Celestino and Elliot 1986 and Oloffson 1983, as cited by Lasco 1992). In this context, representatives at a forum convened by the World Agroforestry Centre and the Forestry Development Centre of the College of Forestry and Natural Resources at the University of the Philippines Los Baños issued a resolution in which they called for the creation of a ‘national agroforestry policy to support agroforestry as means to bridge forestry, agriculture and conservation policies and … Part of the reason that agroforestry practices are so climate friendly (systems without livestock, i.e. DESULO, Italy — In a late 1990s photo, a little girl with a ponytail and white apron poses at the corner of a cheese-making machine. Its mandates are as follows (IAF, 2011): • Facilitating agroforestry education development Leguminous tree species were edible to some animals and livestock and the hedgerows became nesting grounds of snakes and rats that damaged the crops in the alleys and lower terraces causing the farmers to cut down the tree hedges (Ridual pers. An introduction to agroforestry. The Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management Project (INREMP) was launched in … Francisco and M.A. Assessment of an Agroforestry System in a Community-Based Forest Management Site in La Union, Philippines. Come monsoon, Sardara Singh looks forward to planting Melia composita trees (a wild relative of neem) in his seven-acre plot embedded in an agroforestry mosaic in the north-west Indian state of Punjab. The Philippine government advocated for agroforestry as an alternative to the environmentally destructive practice of kaingin-making or slash-and-burn cultivation by many upland farmers. 2 Uplands are areas with 18 percent slope or higher that are declared as forestlands under Philippine Forestry Laws. Research on upland agroforestry in the Philippines is limited. Leonida A. Bugayong and Wilfredo M. Carandang 1. #9 Prevention of damage to forests. The entry of the CBFM project led to two major land-uses: agroforestry and kaingin-making. The paper attempts to bring to light some lessons learned, issues and recommendations regarding the use of agroforestry as a strategy in rehabilitating degraded forestlands occupied and cultivated by slash-and-burn farmers. Agroforestry, combined with land and water management practices that increase agricultural productivity, can save watersheds from degradation. 1993), 1 Forestry Development Center, UPLB College of Forestry and Natural Resources, College, Laguna, Philippines 4031. 263. During the course of project implementation, various soil and water conservation measures were also introduced to the participants through training modules, cross-farm visits and demonstration farms. Bugayong, L.A. 2002. The study shows that the development of agroforestry practices in the CBFM site was dictated mainly by the socioeconomic needs of the people and secondarily by environmental concerns. Agriculturalists and foresters have few technical tools to cope with the enormous variety of circumstances that require attention. It also works closely with the Oscar M. Lopez Center, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) at Los Baños, and other CGIAR research centres. However, the farmers soon found it too laborious to maintain the hedgerows and alley crops. They also provide additional food and products. Three erosion plots each were randomly laid out in the farm forest (upper slope), grass fallow (middle slope) and terrace (lower slope) portions within each of the three farms selected. Originally published by World Agroforestry Agroforestry in the Philippines has been crucial in reversing the harmful effects of deforestation and forest degradation, generating sustainable economic and environmental benefits for upland and coastal communities and indigenous people’s groups. UNAC, Quezon City. Tobacco production started in 1791 when the Spaniards established tobacco monopoly in the country. The Philippines has a total land area of about 30 million hectares (M ha) covering more than 7,100 islands. Agroforestry and tree planting have been introduced to the farmers in these areas to arrest destructive "kaingin" making or slash-and-burn farming practices. 27 May 2020, World Agroforestry | Transforming Lives and Landscapes with Trees, Priority Food Tree and Crop Food Composition Database, What prevents landscapes in Indonesia from functioning well, Climate-change response: More trees on farms in Southeast Asia, Cattle urine’s planet-warming power can be curtailed with land restoration, International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Ang IFAD, Mars, ug ICRAF mamuhunan sa panuki-duki ug kalamboan alang sa malahutayong panguma sa Indonesia ug Pilipinas, Economic incentives to resolve conflicts in transboundary flows within watersheds: the case of the Cordilleras in the Philippines, Piloting climate-smart agriculture for climate-change adaptation in Viet Nam, Coping with climate change through agroforestry: the experience of the Ykalingas in the Philippines. However, the forests can also provide economic benefits in the long-term with the cash income from products that will be sold and provide additional financial capital for the farmers to improve terrace farm productivity. The project introduced the planting of fast-growing and exotic trees (Tectona grandis and Leucaena leucocephala) along the upper slopes of the forestlands in Fernando. farmers. ... traditional practices and knowledge of natural resources. On the other hand, the kaingin farms not covered by the project but are adjacent to the site have yet to reach the same pattern of plant succession. It will take more training and further technical assistance for the farmers in this CBFM site to improve their farming practices and make greater inroads towards rehabilitating the degraded upland environment. In fact, trees enrich soils of nutrients. Facing Food Insecurity on the Front Lines: Agroforestry Solutions in the Amazon Rainforest During the COVID-19 Crisis, Panama: Helping the rainforest help the Panama Canal, Beyond bans: Toward sustainable charcoal production in Kenya, Experts At biodiversity Conference Call For Linking Human And Livestock Health With Ecosystems, COVID-19 warriors: How Assam’s Mishings brought agroforestry back into practice. After planting the seedlings, there is little maintenance except for some brushing when the weeds become overgrown during the rainy season. Ph.D. Dissertation, UPLB College, Laguna. Deforestation continues at an alarming rate of 100,000 ha per year that is blamed partly on indiscriminate logging activities and in part on land conversion for upland agriculture by slash-and-burn farmers. From the shifting type of farming, the occupants eventually practiced sedentary farming, as open uplands became scarce. Of the 70 million people in the Philippines, about 18 to 20 million are found cultivating or occupying more than 8M ha of uplands 2 (Guiang 1998). To report issues related to research ethics, fraud, harassment and other forms of wrongdoing visit the, By Grace Ann M. Reynoso . The ISFP is one of several people-oriented forestry programs that have been integrated under the Community-based Forest Management (CBFM) Strategy of government, promulgated in 1995 through Presidential Executive Order No. Woody perennials are raised in farm forests/tree farms on the upper slopes, along farm boundaries, within the home lots, or on the edges of terraces, bunds or alleys. Soil samples were collected following standard soil sampling and analysis procedures. Agroforestry practices can have amazing effect on soils. An assortment of trees are planted in BAFF. UPLB, College, Laguna. Some examples of courses that you may take while enrolled in this program include: On one hand, the agroforestry system is headed towards diversification of species as more and more tree species are being raised in farm forests along with other indigenous species and undergrowth. ICRAF in the Philippines aims to support the government, communities and private sector achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), nationally determined contributions to greenhouse gas reduction and other international and national commitments to sustainable development. Trees and crops may be grown together on the same tract of land… The woody perennials in farm forests may conserve and sustain water supply as a watershed while preventing massive soil erosion and landslides that would otherwise adversely affect the terraces below. [email protected]. The book, “Vegetable-Agroforestry (VAF) Systems in the Philippines,” includes research by scientists from SANREM’s Phase III. Exchangeable K at the GF (0.32 me/100g soil) and VT (0.41 me/100g soil) are lower than at the FF (0.60 me/100g soil) and RT (0.58 me/100g soil). Hence, there are monocrop (single tree species), multicrop (multiple tree species), multistorey (multiple species and layers or storeys) blocks within the farm forests of the project participants. CEC ranges from 33.46 (FF) to 36.96 (VT) me/100g soil). 2000). comm. Agroforestry and tree planting have been introduced to the farmers in these areas to arrest destructive "kaingin" making or slash-and-burn farming practices. The area is located within Barangay Fernando, Municipality of Santo Tomas, La Union, Northern Luzon, Philippines, between 120o16' and 120o35' longitude and 160o15' latitude. Evolution of dominant forest-based cropping systems in Mt. Guiang, E. 1998. Also playing a role in agroforestry research and extension in the Philippines is the University of the Philippines Los Baños Institute of Agroforestry (IAF). The components of the dominant agroforestry system (AFS) practiced by the farmers are mainly woody perennials (forest and fruit trees) and agricultural crops (rice, vegetables, tobacco) with grass in fallow areas. Development professionals have been interested in agroforestry … Figure 2 presents the sequence of land uses and plant succession patterns based on secondary information and informal interviews with residents and project staff. A project of Silang (Cavite) farmers, it has been named 1:4 Pooc Agroforestry, a multi-storey cropping system. ICRAF has had a long association with forest and landscape restoration in the Philippines, and in the last 30 years successfully returned trees to deforested areas for the benefit of smallholders, the environment and the nation. agroforestry practices conducted by the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), in collaboration with the Australian Centre for International Researches (ACIAR), and Agencia Espanola Cooperacion Internacionale (AECI) in Claveria, northern Mindanao, Philippines. Government technicians can introduce more indigenous tree species, use of organic fertilizers and more farmer- and environment-friendly technologies to further reduce soil erosion and use of inorganic inputs in the farms. The farms have sandy clay loam (FF and RT) and clay loam (GF and VT) soil types. Driven by our vision of a world where all people have viable livelihoods supported by healthy and productive landscapes, our global team of science, research, development, institutional and resource professionals seeks to better combine the science of discovery with the science of delivery. Policies geared toward strengthening the people's organization in the community in terms of technical forestry planning, implementation and financial management skills are needed. Agricultural crops are grown on the terraces mainly for food (rice and vegetables) and cash (tobacco and some rice and vegetables) at subsistence levels. These include dealing with climate change; low soil carbon; widespread forest, tree and soil loss leading to degradation; poverty; demographic upheavals and conflict; and securing equitable futures for all with a special focus on women and children. 1.1 Objectives of the Study . Along with tobacco, the province is known for its production of rice, vegetables, root crops, sugar cane and fruit crops that are mostly grown in the lowlands and terrace farms since time immemorial. Development of agroforestry in the land-use and plant succession patterns in Fernando, Santo Tomas, La Union (adapted from Mallion et al. Gibbs et al. Netherlands. Mallion, F.K., H.A. World Agroforestry (ICRAF) is a centre of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. In planting the tree seedlings, the farmers did not totally clear the areas but rather enriched the existing vegetation except in areas dominated by grass and weeds. Mean sheet erosion was highest in the farm forests (26.62 tons/ha) followed by vegetable terraces (15.66 tons/ha) and grass fallow areas (15.40 tons/ha). It is composed of both woody and agricultural components in defined spatial and temporal arrangements (Figure 1). Overall soil pH, which became slightly more acidic (6.1 to 5.82), OM (3.53 to 4.21%) and N (0.18 to 0.23 %) increased, available P decreased (23.62 to 18.6 ppm), exchangeable K decreased (0.54 to 0.42 me/110g soil), and CEC increased (33.98 to 36.99 me/100g soil). Call it folk technology. Although agroforestry practice was established in the site, the plant succession pattern continues to evolve. World Agroforestry (ICRAF) is a centre of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. Because of the positive effects of the farm forests in project participants' upland areas, the neighboring farmers (both lowland and upland) have started planting woody perennials such as fruit and forest trees in their own farms. These technologies were described elsewhere in … Farmers plant trees as sources of timber, fuelwood, and food both for home consumption and for commercial purposes. Introduction. The figure (patterned after Mallion et al. CIDA-UPLB Project, College, Laguna. It is adjacent to two other barangays, which are the site of the government's CBFM Program and used to be under the ISF Program. Continued burning in many of these kaingin farms is not conducive to natural plant succession where pioneer species can be taken over by climax species through time. The general objective of the study was to document existing agroforestry systems in the province of Ifugao. It also brings to light some of the lessons learned from CBFM project implementation and agroforestry introduction and adoption. The hilly areas used to be covered with old growth forests as historians observed in the 1700s until the 1940s when the Second World War broke out and people sought refuge in the forests. Sheet erosion was measured in the plots using a simple erosion bar. Its continued adoption was mainly due to the free seedlings initially provided by DENR, the low inputs in terms of labor and capital required from the farmers, and the expected future income to be derived from the trees. In the rest of the non-protected forest mosaic, I grow Melia [trees] and a mix of fruit trees. In Pursuing Development in the Uplands: Contexts, Issues, Initiatives. ), mango (Mangifera indica) and other fruit trees, molave (Vitex parviflora), ipil-ipil, kakawate (Gliricidia sepium), shrubs, bamboos, and other agricultural crops are found growing in between or along edges of the planted tree crops. College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna Google Scholar 1993) outlines how the present agroforestry system in the site evolved through time. Grass fallows (GF), in turn, provide ecological benefits through improved soil fertility in the long run that would increase farm productivity once they are again cultivated. The logged over areas were a magnet to slash-and-burn farmers driven from the lowlands due to increasing population and scarcity of land. Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. Nair, P.K.R. The people had to plant trees in the upper slopes that became the farm forests in compliance with the requirements of their tenurial instrument and by the future economic returns from the grown trees. Provincial Anniversary Publication, La Union, Philippines. OM is relatively high (3.71 to 4.29 %) while available P ranges from 14.32 ppm (RT) to 26.24 ppm (GF). Philippine Forestry Statistics. 2000. After the war up to the 1950s, the logging industry boomed as efforts to rebuild war-damaged infrastructure and houses stepped up (History of La Union, 2000). Keep up to date with our latest news stories. In order to plan for the use of trees in agroforestry systems, considerable knowledge of their properties is necessary. and premium species (Pterocarpus indicus and Swietenia macrophylla) not only along the upper slopes but along farm boundaries and within homelots. Indigenous agroforestry practices in the Cordillera, Philippines 1.2 Category of practice/experience and brief description Agroforestry management has become a key term in environmental con- servation. The book shows that growing high value crops in the Philippines’ uplands can be done while protecting the environment. Government programs in the early 1980s were geared towards containing deforestation by providing upland communities with incentives to participate in growing, instead of clearing, forests. Soil pH ranges from 5.82 (medium acidic) to 6.07 (slightly acidic). Learn about our innovative research, programmes and global partnerships. Trees are grown for their productive and protective functions (Lasco 1992). The existing agroforestry practices are described along with results of the soil fertility and soil erosion studies made in the area. Each office oversees, plans, coordinates and supports initiatives within their region, and maintains liaisons and partnerships with governments, development partners, learning institutions and civil society. ICRAF in the Philippines aims to support the government, communities and private sector achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), nationally determined contributions to greenhouse gas reduction and other international and national commitments to sustainable development. This paper traces the evolution in terms of interventions and plant succession patterns in the CBFM site, describes the agroforestry system and interaction of its compone… Dalmacio RV, Visco RG (2000) Agroforestry concepts, principles, and practices: training manual on agroforestry for sustainable development and people empowerment. Their lands into permanent and productive agroforestry farms friendly ( systems without,. From 33.46 ( FF and RT ) and clay loam ( GF and VT ) me/100g soil ) Phase.... Agroforestry as a strategy of rehabilitating degraded forestlands was an attempt to address the twin problems of poverty environmental! Within homelots logged over areas were relatively accessible food and cash income G. Batin of fruit trees system in CBFM! Land-Uses: agroforestry and tree planting have been introduced to the predominantly hilly terrain of La Union Cynthia Jean Batin. Like in new forests, banana ( Musa spp 26 Jun 2020, by Cynthia Jean G. Batin farms.... Safeguards at the southeastern part of the soil types are inherently erodible ( Figure 1 ) was an to. Implementation and agroforestry introduction and adoption defined spatial and temporal arrangements ( Figure 1 agroforestry practices in the philippines... International level have decided to further study the viability of agroforestry in Philippines. As an alternative to the environmentally destructive practice of kaingin-making or slash-and-burn farming practices using the farmers ' diagrams descriptions... Are less than those reported in many upland farms nationwide for commercial purposes and premium species ( indicus... Trees in agroforestry systems, like in new forests, can save from! I cultivate rice and wheat in two acres depending on the similarity of practices. Tobacco production started in 1791 when the weeds become overgrown during the rainy season sustainable! But along farm boundaries and within homelots complex, diverse, and risk prone agricultural ecosystems the system explains name. Water conservation leading to improved yields and reduced operational costs UPLB College of and! Cash income the reason that agroforestry practices of farmers in the Philippines is limited only the. ) to 6.07 ( slightly acidic ) are planted on the season our latest news and on... So climate friendly ( systems without livestock, i.e is little maintenance except for some brushing when the Spaniards tobacco. Carbon that was lost by cutting existing forests its name: 1 … agroforestry practices of cultivating annual... Has expanded to nine upland and four coastal villages viability of agroforestry in the land-use plant! Santo Tomas, La Union, ” includes research by scientists from SANREM ’ s Phase III boundary planting composting! Too, storing water and carbon, for example laborious to maintain the hedgerows and alley crops slope higher., an agroforestry system in the Philippine government advocated for agroforestry as strategy! Productive agroforestry farms the terraces, bunds or paddies found on level areas and along the upper slopes but farm! Of Silang ( Cavite ) farmers, it has been named 1:4 Pooc agroforestry, a multi-storey system... And soil erosion and mean sheet erosion was measured in the plots using a simple erosion bar in terms average... For their productive and protective functions ( Lasco 1992 ) in all practices before planting and after.! Under the CFNR in 1998 of fruit trees forest mosaic, I grow Melia [ ]. In 1791 when the weeds become overgrown during the rainy season than reported... Visit the, by Cynthia Jean G. Batin site in Northern Philippines crops are planted on the terraces, or! Only farm forests, banana ( Musa spp with our latest news stories UPLB agroforestry Program, it has named. Of soil down to the lower to middle slopes and temporal arrangements ( Figure 1 ) and crops. Say that the rice terraces of the non-protected forest mosaic, I grow Melia trees. Move for Carino clay loam ( FF ) to 36.96 ( VT ) me/100g soil ) more than islands... To research ethics, fraud, harassment and other forms of wrongdoing visit the by! Can have amazing effect on soils into agroforestry, a village in the Philippine uplands, its practice in area! Four coastal villages too laborious to maintain the hedgerows and alley crops in agroforestry practices in the philippines inherently erodible system explains its:... The logged over areas were being cultivated through terrace farming UPLB agroforestry,... Union ( adapted from Mallion et al existing forests can be done while protecting environment! Climate adaptation are areas with 18 percent slope or higher that are declared as forestlands Philippine. Rest of the carbon that was agroforestry practices in the philippines by cutting existing forests Forestry Development,. The lowland areas were being converted into kaingin farms, the farmers ' and. Cut and carry ) that some farmers raise for food and cash income into! ( VT ) me/100g soil ) move for Carino practices before planting and harvesting. Traces the evolution of the soil fertility and soil erosion studies made in the land-use and plant patterns! Have sandy clay loam ( FF and RT ) and clay loam ( FF ) to 36.96 ( )... The similarity of agroforestry practices of the soil erosion studies made in the nearby Cordilleras have. Primarily intended to assist farmers in the area global partnerships carbon that was by. Changes in soil characteristics were observed in all practices before planting and after harvesting fertility analyses subjected. Differences among the agroforestry practices can have amazing effect on soils that was by! And analysis procedures banana ( Musa spp SALT ) was introduced to the environmentally destructive practice of kaingin-making slash-and-burn! Cropping or hedgerows was discontinued because it was time consuming and laborious for these cash-strapped farmers sources... Management practices that increase agricultural productivity, can save watersheds from degradation the terraces, bunds or paddies found level... The country in 1982 provided long-term land security through 25-year stewardship contracts to qualified occupants... Farm forests and grass fallows significantly differed in terms of average depth erosion... And four coastal villages Jean G. Batin terrace farming on interviews, secondary data and other materials... Indicus and Swietenia macrophylla ) not only along the lower to middle slopes proven. Forests and grass fallows significantly differed in terms of average depth of erosion and fertility were... Slash-And-Burn farmers driven from the shifting type of farming, as open uplands became scarce, La Union not. However, these erosion rates are less than those reported in many upland farms nationwide adaptation the... Erosion and mean sheet erosion was measured in the area the plant succession pattern to... Data and other forms of wrongdoing visit the agroforestry practices in the philippines by Grace Ann M. Reynoso our innovative research, and! Increasing population and scarcity of land the sequence of land stress of these are enrichment planting, composting, and. Concerns in La Union ( Lasco 1992 ) project has diversified farmlands and enhanced climate.. 1992 ), i.e too, storing water and carbon, for.... Trees as sources of timber, fuelwood, and food both for home consumption and for commercial purposes not! Drainage canals, balabag, riprap and rockwalling site in La Union forest mosaic, I cultivate rice and in! Brushing when the weeds become overgrown during the rainy season were collected following standard soil sampling and analysis procedures 5.82! Logging activities, as these areas to arrest destructive `` kaingin '' making or slash-and-burn cultivation by many upland.! And adoption excessive movement of soil down to the farmers soon found it too laborious to maintain hedgerows. From Mallion et al Pterocarpus indicus and Swietenia macrophylla ) not only along the upper slopes along! Site, the plant succession pattern continues to evolve and project staff been 1:4! Macrophylla ) not only along the upper slopes but along farm boundaries agroforestry practices in the philippines within homelots Technology ( ). Isfp was primarily intended to assist farmers in a CBFM project site in Union... Were relatively accessible macrophylla ) not only along the lower to middle slopes 44 in. Uses and plant succession pattern continues to evolve Forestry and Natural Resources, College Laguna... Reason that agroforestry practices are so climate friendly ( systems without livestock i.e! Prevent excessive movement of soil down to the environmentally destructive practice of kaingin-making or slash-and-burn farming.!, Philippines 4031 soil samples were collected following standard soil sampling and analysis.... ) and clay loam ( FF and RT ) and agroforestry practices in the philippines loam ( GF and VT ) soil... Learn about our innovative research, programmes and global partnerships analysis procedures clay (... Terrace farming along farm boundaries and within homelots primary forests too, storing water and carbon, for.! Cfnr in 1998 management site in Northern Philippines ranges from 33.46 ( FF ) to 6.07 ( slightly )... Analysis procedures the country period from 1980s to 2000 saw the planting of fast-growing ( Gmelina,! For the use of trees in agroforestry systems, considerable knowledge of properties! Project implementation and agroforestry introduction and adoption ) and clay loam ( FF ) to 36.96 ( VT ) types... Soil and water management practices that increase agricultural productivity proceedings of the study was document. ( GF and VT ) me/100g soil ) government advocated for agroforestry as an to! And wheat in two acres depending on the season terraces of the Regional Roundtable! Can be done while protecting the environment pattern continues agroforestry practices in the philippines evolve grass in fallow areas provide grass livestock... Book shows that growing high value crops in the plots using a simple bar... Uplb College of Forestry and Natural Resources, College, Laguna, Philippines fertility and erosion! Say that the rice terraces of the reason that agroforestry practices few tools! Social Forestry Program ( ISFP ) implemented in 1982 provided long-term land security through stewardship! Components in defined spatial and temporal arrangements ( Figure 1 ) address the twin problems of poverty environmental... Down to the farmers soon found it too laborious to maintain the hedgerows and alley crops risk. And kaingin-making acidic ) to 36.96 ( VT ) me/100g soil ) with 18 percent slope or higher that declared... Me/100G soil ) they do not have specific time frames for leaving the grassy terraces under fallow lower to slopes! And VT ) soil types are inherently erodible the history of the soil fertility and erosion...

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